Kadok: Medicinal, Culinary & Ornamental

Easy to be mistaken for some other Piper specie found in Costa Rica.

Contact us to obtain Piper Sarmentosum in Arenal area.

Piper sarmentosum, also known as wild betel or kadok in Southeast Asia, is a plant with a rich history, ecology, geographic distribution, folklore, modern medicinal use, and culinary use. Let’s explore this fascinating plant in more detail.

History and Ecology:

Piper sarmentosum is a tropical perennial plant belonging to the Piperaceae family, which includes black pepper and kava. It is native to Southeast Asia, where it grows in shady areas of forests, riverbanks, and open spaces. The plant has been used for centuries by indigenous people in Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam for its medicinal and culinary properties.

Geographic Distribution:

Piper sarmentosum is widely distributed in Southeast Asia, where it can be found in countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, and the Philippines. It is also grown in other parts of the world, including Australia and Hawaii.


In Malaysia, Piper sarmentosum is known as daun kaduk and is believed to have supernatural powers. According to folklore, the plant can ward off evil spirits and protect people from harm. In Indonesia, the plant is known as sirih duduk and is used in traditional wedding ceremonies as a symbol of hospitality and respect.

Modern Medicinal Use:

Piper sarmentosum has been used for centuries in traditional medicine to treat a range of ailments. It is believed to have antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties and is used to treat infections, inflammation, and pain. It is also used to treat diabetes, high blood pressure, and other conditions.

Perennial greenery display.

Culinary Use:

Piper sarmentosum is a popular ingredient in Southeast Asian cuisine. The leaves have a slightly bitter, peppery taste and are often used in salads, soups, curries, and stir-fries. In Malaysia, the leaves are used to make a traditional dish called nasi ulam, which is a rice dish made with various herbs and spices. In Thailand, the leaves are used to make a spicy salad called yum bai cha plu, which also includes grilled shrimp, peanuts, and chili.

Edible raw or cooked, antiparasitic and digestive.

In conclusion, Piper sarmentosum is a versatile and fascinating plant with a rich history, ecology, geographic distribution, folklore, modern medicinal use, and culinary use. Its popularity in Southeast Asia has led to its increased use in other parts of the world, where it is valued for its unique taste and health benefits.

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